Which milk is good for baby for artificial feeding – More about Cow’s milk, buffalo milk, skimmed milk, feeding bottles and teats
Cow’s milk is preferred for artificial feeding especially if you do not want to make the things too expensive. Milk powders are costly but have the advantage of less contamination and adulteration. Buffalo’s milk may also be used.
Cow’s milk or modified buffalo’s milk standard with 5 or 6 per cent fat; form the basis of most of the formulae.
The recommended dilution for cow’s milk for the first fortnight is 1:1. Subsequently it should slowly be decreased to 2:1, 3:1 and then given as such – yes, pure.
The suggested dilution in case of buffalo’s milk remains more or less the same as with cow’s milk.
Skimmed milk powder should not be use for infant feeding.
Not that there are no advocates of proprietary formulae. For instance, it has been suggested that large amounts of sodium consumed during infancy may cause high blood pressure in later life.
If that be the case, feeding of proprietary formulae with low sodium content may be of advantage to the infant.
If you choose to give a powder milk, see that you start a standard brand. Also make sure that its supply is not going to be short in the subsequent months.
It is not advisable to keep changing the brand. If you have to do it because the particular brand does not suit your baby, do consult your doctor about it.
Remember to prepare the formula out of the powder milk as per instructions given on the tin or in a leaflet inside it.
Generally speaking, one measureful of powder is to be added to one ounce (30 ml or 6 teaspoonful of water. Do not ever over dilute the powder.
How much milk should you give an infant
About 150 ml per day is the average requirements for a healthy infant. Roughly, you should give one ounce per kg in each feed, not exceeding 8 ounces even by the end of the first year.
According to another formula which is applicable for the first six months only, the quantity of each milk feed in ounces = age in months + 3
You do not have to stick to the amount of milk in the feed and the number of feeds suggested here as guidelines very rigidly. There will be some variations from child to child.
Every 4 ounce milk needs one teaspoonful of sugar. If the baby is constipated, the amount can be doubled. Brown sugar is to be preferred in constipated babies.
About feeding bottle and teats
Today the consensus is that it is better to feed with a spoon and a cup rather than with a bottle.
There are several advantages inherent in this advice. Young mothers must play to their potential to take advantage of this great gift of nature.
Even though most mothers know that breastfeeding is best for babies, some mothers may wish to know about the feeding bottle.
Talking about feeding bottles, there are quite a few brands in the market. A boat-shaped bottle with a teat at one end and a valve at the other is better than a soxhlet-shaped bottle, more so from the hygienic point of view.
The second type is difficult to clean. The boat is, however, the widemouthed bottle.
As regards teats, those made of rubber and having bases are hygienically superior to the plain and finger-like ones. The hole should be made with a red-hot needle.
It should allow 12 to 15 drops of milk every minute when the bottle is turned upside down. This enables the infant to take as much milk as he needs without getting choked.
After the hole has been made, the teat should be sterilized. This assists in getting rid of the smell of the burnt rubber.