How to confirm pregnancy – Missed period, blood and urine test and visit to the doctor.
The simplest way of knowing that you are pregnant is the missed period. Along with a missed period a woman may feel nauseous, may need to urinate more frequently and feel tenderness in the breasts.
When you go to the doctor in order to reconfirm your pregnancy, the doctor will check you for an enlarged uterus, softening of genital organs and during an interval vaginal examination the cervix will be seen to have taken on a purplish velvety look, typical of pregnancy.
A blood or urine test can help detect the presence of a pregnancy. The blood or urine is tested for the presence of HCG, human chorionic gonadotropin.
The developing placenta begins to produce this hormone to prevent menstruation and protect the pregnancy. For the results of the urine test to be reliable, it should be carried out two weeks after a missed period.
For an earliest result the blood test is more reliable.
High-dose hormone tablets used to be given earlier to test pregnancy. It would make the period occur if there was no pregnancy. It would make the period occur if there was no pregnancy.
If there was pregnancy and if the fetus was female there was a possibility that the tablet could produce masculinization. The use of tablets has therefore been discontinued. No tablet can cause a pregnancy to abort if one has occurred.
If tests or a visit to the doctor confirm that you are pregnant, you must immediately start taking care of yourself and your baby by eating nutritious food, avoiding too much tea, coffee, and colas, stopping alcohol and tobacco, and indiscriminate use of medicines and tranquillizers.
When you visit your dentist or general physician tell him that you are pregnant, because medicines of all kinds should be avoided, particularly in the first three months of pregnancy.
The thalidomide tragedy in 1962 jolted people into realizing that drugs taken by the mother affect not only her but also the baby. Thalidomide was a sedative prescribed to women in early pregnancy.
Over 5,000 children throughout the world were born with limb defects, in some cases with no limbs at all. Drugs that affect the rapidly developing fetus in the first twelve weeks are called teratogenic.
Teratogenic drugs should not be given at any stage of pregnancy. These include Thalidomide, phenytoin, anti-tyroid drugs, anti-cancer agents, some sex hormones, alcohol, tetracycline and some anesthetic agents.
Only a doctor will be able to tell the correct dose of a drug should it need to be used. If you are a patient of diabetes or epilepsy you must not stop your medication without consulting your doctor. Any medicine should be taken strictly under the doctor supervision, even if it is only an aspirin.
Many ancient cultures stress that the mood and activities of a pregnant woman should be positive and happy, since they believe that what the mother is exposed to in pregnancy affects the growing baby within her.
Take time off to relax. Researches have recently inserted small microphones into the uterus and recorded what the fetus hears. The womb, they find, is full of the mother’s bodily music; the whooshing bowels, the gurgling stomach, the mother’s heart beat.
Little wonder that mothers the world over, hold the baby close to the breast to comfort it. It could be that the baby is soothed quickly in this position when it hears the familiar pulsation of the heart that it did in the womb.