Treatment of Type 2 diabetes and Complications – It is often treated with oral medication because many people with this type of diabetes make some insulin on their own.
Treatment of type 2 diabetes
The pills people take to control type 2 diabetes do not contain insulin.
Instead, medications such as metformin, sulfonylureas, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors and many others are used to make the insulin that the body still produces, more effective.
Some people with type 2 diabetes are treated with insulin. Insulin is either injected with a syringe several times per day, or delivered via an insulin pump.
The goal of insulin therapy is to mimic the way the pancreas would produce and distribute its own insulin, if it were able to manufacture it.
Taking insulin does not mean you have done a bad job of trying to control your blood glucose – instead it simply means that your body doesn’t produce or use enough of it on its own to cover the foods you eat.
One of the key factors in treatment of diabetes is tight blood glucose control, so be certain that your treatment helps get your blood glucose readings as close to normal as safely possible.
Patients should discuss with their doctors what their target blood glucose range is. It is also important to determine what your goal is for AIC readings (a test that determines how well your diabetes is controlled over the past 2-3 months).
By maintaining blood glucose in the desired range, you’ll likely avoid many of the complications some people with diabetes face.
What kind of complications are people with diabetes susceptible to?
Blood travels throughout your body, and when too much glucose (sugar) is present, it disrupts the normal environment that the organ systems of your body function within.
In turn, your body starts to exhibit signs that things are not working properly inside – those are the symptoms of diabetes people sometimes experience.
If this problem – caused by a variety of factors – is left untreated, it can lead to a number of damaging complications such as heart attacks, strokes, blindness, kidney failure, and blood vessel disease that may require an amputation, nerve damage and impotence in men.
The good news is that prevention plays an important role in warding off these complications.
By maintaining tight control of your body glucose – and getting it as close to normal as possible – you’ll help your body function in the way that it would if you did not have diabetes.
Tight control helps you decrease the chances that your body will experience complications from elevated glucose levels.
Can type 2 diabetes be prevented?
Research has shown that there are some ways of preventing type 2 diabetes, or at least delaying its onset.
Lifestyle changes such as becoming more active (or staying active, if you already engage in regular physical activity) and making sure your weight stays in a healthy range are two ways to help ward off type 2 diabetes, but talk to your doctor about what else you can do to prevent or manage the disease.