Why is Diabetes on the rise in America and India and in all developing countries
The main cause of increasing number of cases of diabetes worldwide, is our lifestyle, that has changed more than in the previous hundred thousand years.
The implications of our current environment are still playing out, but we are already seeing adaptations to our new industrialized lifestyle that aren’t necessarily good.
Simply put, we’ve moving our bodies less (little or no exercise), eating more quantity and eating more of the wrong foods. This is true in India, Australia, in America and also in all developing countries.
No Body movement – less exercise
The industrial revolution changes the type and amount of work we perform.
Before the industrial revolution, most of us did labor – intensive, physically taxing work.
Increasingly, machines have reduced the hard physical work we have to do. “I’m going to work” has a very different meaning these days from the meaning it had one hundred years ago.
Fewer and fewer of us perform physical labor, and more and more of us sit at desks for most of the day.
The clearest example of this shift in the work we do is in agriculture.
In 1700s, more than 90 percent farmed to grow their own food.
Two hundred years later, automated, mechanized manufacturing had reduced the number of the people working on farms to about 1 percent of the workforce.
Instead of farming, more people became factory workers, and or office staff.
We have started living luxurious life, less of hard work, watching television, playing video games, and surfing the internet. Today, our sedentary activities take our far more hours of the day without any physical activities.
Although activity levels vary from person to person, it’s a fact that our world discourages movement.
In addition to changes in the workplace and at home, schools also have scaled back physical education programs (daily participation in high school physical education classes).
Most people prefer to spend more time at work, albeit in sedentary jobs, when compared to other developed countries, which puts the squeeze on time that could be spent in physical endeavors.
And between 1990 and 2000 the number of people who commuted for more than thirty minutes per day increased from roughly 20 percent to nearly 34 percent.
Even when we do have free time, we tend to use it passively.
Eating more food than required
Because of the mechanization of farming, food is more plentiful and more affordable than even before.
For example, fish production and the available supply of vegetables per capita have doubled in the past thirty years, exceeding population growth.
Despite the abundance of fresh produce, the fraction of total calories people derived from dietary fat and the consumption of saturated fats, both of which are associated with heart disease, remain highest.
While the availability of large quantities of food is obviously not in itself a bad thing, it has set the stage – or the table – for over nutrition.
That is, most of us take in more calories than we burn. Not only is there plenty to eat, but we don’t have to expand much energy to obtain a meal.
The farmer’s lifestyle, where every calorie consumed was balanced by a similar expenditure off energy to grow the food, has all but disappeared.
In other words, it isn’t just the fast food burger joint that’s the problem.
Most of the inconvenience and much of the work required to obtain and prepare foods have been reduced. Very few of us hunt or farm for our next meal.
Even fewer have to build and maintain a fire to cook, pump water by hand, or even wash dishes by hand. Supermarkets have made grocery shopping easier.
One stop shopping often includes conveyor belts that deliver the food into the trunks of our cars (or home delivery services that bring food right to our doors).
Freezers with large storage capacity decrease the frequency of shopping, microwave cooking makes food preparation faster and easier, and dishwashers make cleaning up nearly effortless.
Vending machines and conveniences stores also makes access to food incredibly easy and require virtually physical labor – to obtain or to prepare our food.
But that’s only half of this story. According to one study, we are eating more than ever!
Where do these excess calories come from? It’s not just what we eat but how much we eat.
Serving sizes have increased, both in the home and especially when eating out.
Prepared foods such as Hungry-Man-Size dinner, such as soups, have almost doubled in size.
Over the past twenty years, the size and caloric content of the average egg, bagel, muffin, performed hamburger patty, and doughnut have grown by 20 t0 50 percent.
We have become accustomed to giant, economy-size packaging and portions.
On average, most people eat one in three daily meals out of home, and competition for consumers has resulted in a virtual war to provide large quantities of relatively inexpensive food in fast foods and other restaurants.
Today, eating High Calorie foods like cheese, fried egg toppings, has become the order of the day!!
Eating the wrong type of food
Not only we are eating too much food, but we eat too many meals containing wrong kinds of food.
Processed high fat, low fiber foods with refined sugars are inexpensive and easy to quickly grab almost anywhere.
Unfortunately, they make up a large part of our diet and are loaded with saturated and transfats including hydrogenated oils, both of which are associated with artherosclerosis, and heart disease.