Development of a child

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Stages of development of a child – Normal, different, physical and psychological development of a child at different ages explained. Development is the essence of a child’s life. The frequent complaint about development pertains to delayed walking and delayed or unclear speech.

Stages of development of a child – psychological stages

Social smile – 6 weeks

Head holding – 3 months

Sits with support – 6 months

Sits without support – 7 months

Reaches out for a bright object and gets it – 5 to 6 months

Transfers object from one hand to the other – 6 to 7 months

Starts imitating a cough – 6 to 7 months

Crawls – 8 to 10 months

Creeps – 10 to 11 months

Stands holding furniture – 9 months

Stands without support – 10 to 11 months

Walks holding furniture – 12 months

Walks without much of a support – 13 months

Says one word with meaning – 12 months

Says 3 words with meaning – 12 months

Joins 2 or 3 words into a sentence – 15 to 18 months

Feeds self with a spoon – 13 months

Climbs stairs – 15 to 18 months

Takes shoes and socks off – 15 to 18 months

Puts shoes and socks on – 2 years

Takes some clothes off – 2 years

Dry by day – 3 to 4 years

Dresses self fully – 2 years

Dry by night – 3 years

Knows full name and sex – 3 years

Rides tricycle – 3 years

stages of development of a child
The important milestones in normal stages of development of a child with relation to speech  (which is different from the physical growth of the baby ) are given below:

Progress in development of speech

Cooing and gurgling – 3 months

Meaningless sounds – 3 – 5 months

Babbling (“ma-mma”, “pa-pa”) 5 – 6 months

Increase in vocabulary – 9 to 12 months

First word with meaning – 9 – 15 months

Talks meaningfully 1 – 2 years

Pronounces “I”, “Me” or “You” – By 2 years

If other milestones such as sitting, crawling, standing and walking are within normal time limits, some delay in speech need not bother you, provided that his hearing is fine. He may just be a “late talker” and begin talking soon.

stages of development of a child

The commonly-held belief that delayed speech is usually secondary to tongue-tie is a myth. The true tongue-tie (which is infrequently) may, however cause unclear speech.

While sorting out the problem of delayed speech, the doctor always make it a point to exclude hearing loss. Remember that deafness may often be partial.

For instance, the child may have only high frequency deafness. This means that he cannot appreciate the human speech though he may respond to whispers, clicks, noise of car, radio and door banging.

Whenever you suspect a hearing problem or any hearing defects of the child, look up your doctor who may like to take the expert opinion from an ENT specialist.

Many parents take pride in repeating child’s baby talk. This is just not right. It contributes to his continuing with baby talk for a longer period.

Growing pains is part of the different stages of development of a child at different ages:

Many school-going children in the age group of six to eight years usually complain of pains, more so in the calf and thigh muscles, usually towards the evening or night.

The timing of these pain is typically when the child is resting and contrasts with the other body pains which usually occur after exertion. Growing pains may subside for weeks or months and then reoccur.

It is useful to consult the paediatrician to exclude any organic cause of pains, particularly if you notice any swelling, redness or tenderness in a joint or two or  if the child develops fever.

He shall make sure that some organic disease is not being camouflaged under the shield of growing pains.

If the doctor feels that these indeed are the growing pains, there is nothing to worry. Do cooperate with him if he advises deworming of the child, some calcium, iron and vitamin supplementation and a pain killer.

Quite a proportion of such children feel better after a change in the ill-fitting shoes. Some children with growing pains benefit from massage to the affected areas, application of hot fomentation plus lots of love and psychotherapy.



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